The golden toad, the first species extinction attributed to global warming

  • 2 years ago
Perhaps this animal does not tell you anything?
And for good reason, the golden toad, which is barely the size of a child's thumb, disappeared in the 1990s.
This species of amphibian lived in the forests of Monteverde in Costa Rica.
These toads came out a few days a year in the pools of this tropical forest to breed.
Unfortunately, the species became extinct due to global warming.
"About 99% of its population was lost in a single year." Dr. Alan Pounds, in the IPCC report
This is the first time that the extinction of a species has been attributed to this cause.
In the Monteverde region, the rainfall has been increasing for the last 50 decades and more erratic (alternating very rainy periods and very dry periods).
Thus, in the 1970s, there were about 25 dry days per year compared to an average of 115 days during the last decade.
Another change is that the fog that kept the moisture in during the dry season has been reduced by about 70%.
According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, climate change would threaten about 12,000 species of which nearly 6,000 would be in the process of extinction.